Which is the most important thing for a country leader to assure the prosperity of country:
1) Create more jobs for unemployed workers;
2) Improve the agriculture to ensure the low price of food;
3) Increase access to affordable housing.
A country's leader should focus on creating more jobs for unemployed workers if he or she wants the country to prosper. If people are employed, they will have money to pay for the products and services the need, which will in turn help the people remain healthy and productive. People who are employed will also support the government's projects rather than drain its finances.
First, a country's economy is based on the flow of money; it is necessary for products to be made, bought and sold for a country to flourish. If people are unemployed, they will not have money to buy new things. No matter how much of a product is made, it will not help the economy if it sits in a warehouse. The company that made the products will suffer if the products are not sold and may have to reduce the number of workers or close. The company's suppliers will no longer be able to sell parts to the company and they, in turn, may have to reduce the number of workers or close their doors. This process will spiral downward and the economy will get worse and worse. It is essential for workers to be employed so they have money to buy things and keep money moving.
Unemployed workers do not have extra cash to buy luxuries, but many also do not have reserves to pay for necessary services. For example, they may not be able to pay for hospital services or a child's education. They may not even be able to afford electricity or other utilities. As a result, unemployed workers may be exposed to worse living conditions, which promotes accidents and disease. They will not be able to afford adequate health care to treat the problems they develop. The overall health of the population will decrease and there will be less people who are able to do work. Therefore, unemployment leads to poorer quality of life as well as a weaker economy.
The government is responsible for the welfare of its people, but unemployment places a great burden on the government. If people cannot pay for basic services, tax money is needed to cover the expenses. However, tax money comes from wages and product sales, so if people are unemployed and not buying many products, tax income for the government will be reduced. At the same time as more people need government help for health, education, and other services, there is less tax money to pay for it. The government must go into debt and the economy becomes weaker.
Since unemployment leads to less money circulating, less healthy workers, and more tax burden on the government, it is very bad for any economy. Therefore, a leader would be wise to create new jobs for unemployed workers so that the country can rebuild and flourish.
in turn 反过来，转而
the flow of money 资金流动
spiral downward 剧降
be exposed to 遭受，暴露
place a great burden on X 给X造成沉重的负担
basic services 基本费用
go into debt 欠债