1.【题干】All houses within 100 meters of the seas are at risk of flooding.
B.out of control
2.【题干】We are worried about this fluid situation full with uncertainty.
3.【题干】You'll have to sprint if you want to catch the train.
4.【题干】The idea was quite brilliant.
5.【题干】Stock market price tumbled after rumor of a rise in interest rate.
6.【题干】The coastal area has very mild winter, but the central plains remain extremely cold.
7.【题干】The idea was quite brilliant.
8.【题干】The new garment fits her perfectly.
9.【题干】Her overall language proficiency remains that of a toddler.
10.【题干】The details of the costume were totally authentic.
11.【题干】Jensen is dangerous man, and can be very brutal.
12.【题干】We are aware of the potential problems.
13.【题干】The phobia may have its root in a childhood trauma.
14.【题干】They have built canals to irrigate the desert.
15.【题干】The revelation of his past led to his resignation.
Scientists Develop Ways of Detecting Heart Attack【科学家探索发现心脏病的方法】
German researchers have __ 1 __ a new generation of defibrillators and early-warning software aimed at offering heart patients greater protection __ 2 __ sudden death from cardiac arrest.
In Germany alone around 100,000 people die annually as a result of cardiac arrest and many of these cases __ 3 __ by disruption to the heart’s rhythm. Those most at risk are patients who have __ 4 __ suffered a heart attack, and for years the use of defibrillators has proved useful in diagnosing __ 5 __ disruption to heart rhythms and correcting them automatically by intervening within seconds. These devices __ 6__ a range of functions, such as that of pacemaker.
Heart specialists at Freiburg’s University Clinic have now achieved a breakthrough with an implanted defibrillator __ 7 __ of generating a six-channel electrocardiogram (ECG. within the body. This integrated system allows early diagnosis of __ 8__ blood-flow problems and a pending heart attack. It will be implanted in patients for the first time this year. Meanwhile, researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Mathematics in Kaiserslautern have developed new computer software that renders of ECG data __ 9 __ .
The overwhelming __ 10 __ of patients at risk will not have an implanted defibrillator and must for this reason undergo regular ECGs. “Many of the current programs only __ 11__ into account a linear correlation of the data. We are, however, making use __ 12__ a non-linear process that reveals the chaotic patterns of heart beats as an open and complex system,” Hagen Knaf says, “__ 13 __ changes in the heart beats over time can be monitored and individual variations in patients taken into account.” An old study of ECG data, based __ 14__ 600 patients who had suffered a subsequent heart attack, enabled the researchers to compare risks and to show __ 15 __ the new software evaluates the data considerably better.
1.A come up B come up with C come up to D come up against
2.A to B for C with D from
3.A are caused B caused C are to cause D have been causing
4.A easily B readily C frequently D already
5.A disease-producing B health-improving C life-threatening D error-correcting
6.A take in B take after C take on D take from
7.A capable B able C skillful D skilled
8.A chronic B acute C recurrent D persistent
9.A precisely B more precisely C precision D more precise
10.A maximum B minimum C majority D minority
11.A get B take C bring D fetch
12.A of B with C for D in
13.A Similarly B In this manner C Otherwise D In this way
14.A in B for C upon D with
15.A what B where C that D when
Medicine Award Kicks off Nobel Prize Announcements【诺贝尔奖的公布从医学奖开始】
Two scientists who have won praise for research into the growth of cancer cells could be candidates for the Nobel Prize in medicine when the 2008 winners are presented on Monday, kicking off six days of Nobel announcements.
Australian-born U. S. citizen Elizabeth Blackburn and American Carol Greider have already won a series of medical honors for their enzyme research and experts say they could be among the front-runners for a Nobel.
Only seven women have won the medicine prize since the first Nobel Prizes were handed out in 1901. The last female winner was U. S. researcher Linda Buck in 2004, who shared the prize with Richard Axel.
Among the pair's possible rivals are Frenchman Pierre Chambon and Americans Ronald Evans and Elwood Jensen, who opened up the field of studying proteins called nuclear hormone receptors.
As usual, the award committee is giving no hints about who is in the running before presenting its decision in a news conference at Stockholm's Karolinska Institute.
Alfred Nobel, the Swede who invented dynamite, established the prizes in his will in the categories of medicine, physics, chemistry,, literature and peace. The economics prize is technically not a Nobel but a 1968 creation of Sweden's central bank.
Nobel left few instructions on how to select winners, but medicine winners are typically awarded for a specific breakthrough rather than a body of research.
Hans Jornvall, secretary of the medicine prize committee, said the 10 million kronor ( US $1.3 million. prize encourages groundbreaking research but he did not think winning it was the primary goal for scientists.
"Individual researchers probably don't look at themselves as potential Nobel Prize winners when they're at work," Jornvall told The Associated Press. "They get their kicks from their research and their interest in how life functions."
In 2006, Blackburn, of the University of California, San Francisco, and Greider, of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, shared the Lasker prize for basic medical research with Jack Szostak of Harvard Medical School. Their work set the stage for research suggesting that cancer cells use telomerase to sustain their uncontrolled growth.
1. Who is NOT a likely candidate for this year's Nobel Prize in medicine?
A Elizabeth Blackburn. B Carol Greider . C Linda Buck. D Pierre Chambon.
2. Which is NOT true of Alfred Nobel?
A He was from Sweden
B He was the inventor of dynamite.
C He established the prizes in his will
D He gave clear instructions on how to select winners.
3. Which was NOT originally one of the Nobel Prizes?
A The medicine prize. B The literature prize. C The peace prize. D The economics prize.
4. The word "kicks" in line 6 from the bottom probably means
A excitement. B income.
C motivation. D knowledge.
5. The research by Blackburn and Greider helps suggest the role of
A money in medical research.
B proteins in cancer treatment.
C hormones in the functioning of life.
D telomerase in the growth of cancer cells.
How Deafness Makes It Easier to Hear【如何让耳聋的人更容易听见】
Most people think of Beethoven's hearing loss as an obstacle to composing music. However, he produced his most powerful works in the last decade of his life when he was completely deaf.
This is one of the most glorious cases of the triumph of will over adversity, but his biographer, Maynard Solomon, takes a different view. ___1___. In his deaf world Beethoven could experiment, free from the sounds of the outside world, free to create new forms and harmonies.
Hearing loss does not seem to affect the musical ability of musicians who become deaf. They continue to "hear" music with as much, or greater, accuracy than if they were actually hearing it being played.
___2___. He described a fascinating phenomenon that happened within three months: "my former musical experiences began to play back to me. I couldn't differentiate between what I heard and real hearing. After many years, it is still rewarding to listen to these playbacks, to ‘ hear' music which is new to me and to find many quiet accompaniments for all of my moods. "
How is it that the world we see, touch, hear, and smell is both "out there" and at the same time within us? There is no better example of this connection between external stimulus and internal perception than the cochlear implant. ___3___.However, it might be possible to use the brain's remarkable power to make sense of the electrical signals the implant produces.
When Michael Edgar first "switched on" his cochlear implant, the sounds he heard were not at all clear. Gradually, with much hard work, he began to identify everyday sounds. For example, "The insistent ringing of the telephone became clear almost at once.”
The primary purpose of the implant is to allow communication with others. When people spoke to Eagar, he heard their voices "coming through like a long-distance telephone call on a poor connection.” But when it came to his beloved music, the implant was of no help.___4___.He said, "I play the piano as I used to and hear it in my head at the same time. The movement of my fingers and the feel of the keys give added 'clarity' to hearing in my head.”
Cochlear implants allow the deaf to hear again in a way that is not perfect, but which can change their lives.___5___.Even the most amazing cochlear implants would have been useless to Beethoven as he composed his Ninth Symphony at the end of his life.
A No man-made device could replace the ability to hear.
B When he wanted to appreciate music, Eagar played the piano.
C Still, as Michael Eagar discovered, when it comes to musical harmonies, hearing is irrelevant.
D Michael Eagar, who died in 2003, became deaf at the age of 21.
E Beethoven produced his most wonderful works after he became deaf.
F Solomon argues that Beethoven's deafness "heightened" his achievement as a composer.
What Is a Dream?
For centuries, people have wondered about the strange things that they dream about. Some psychologists say that this nighttime activity of the mind has no special meaning. Others，however， think that dreams are an important part of our lives. In fact, many experts believe that dreams can tell us about a person’s mind and emotions.
Before modern times, many people thought that dreams contained messages from God. (46)____
The Austrian psychologist, Sigmund Freud1，was probably the first person to study dreams scientifically. In his famous book, The interpretation of Dreams (1900), Freud wrote that dreams are an expression of a person’s wishes. He believed that dreams allow people to express the feelings, thoughts, and fears that they are afraid to express in real life.
The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung2 was once a student of Freud’s. Jung，however，had a different idea about dreams. Jung believed that the purpose of a dream was to communicate a message to the dreamer. (47)___For example, people who dream about falling may learn that they have too high an opinion of themselves. On the other hand, people who dream about being heroes may learn that they think too little of themselves.
Modern-day psychologists continue to develop theories about dreams. For example, psychologist William Domhoff from the University of California, Santa Cruz，believes that dreams are tightly linked to a person’s daily life, thoughts, and behavior. (48)____.
Domhoff believes that there is a connection between dreams and age. His research shows that children do not dream as much as adults. According to Domhoff, dreaming is a mental skill that needs time to develop.
He has also found a link between dreams and gender. His studies show that the dreams of men and women are different. (49)___This is not true of women’s dreams.3 Domhoff found this gender difference in the dreams of people from 11 cultures around the world, including both modern and traditional ones.
Can dreams help us understand ourselves? Psychologists continue to try to answer this question in different ways. (50)____The dream may have meaning, but it does not mean that some terrible event will actually take place. It’s important to remember that the world of dreams is not the real world.
A. It was only in the twentieth century that people started to study dreams in a scientific way.
B. However, one thing they agree on this: If you dream that something terrible is going to occur, you shouldn’t panic.
C. A criminal, for example, might dream about crime.
D. He thought people could learn more about themselves by thinking about their dreams.
E. Men and women are dreamed about different things.
F. For example, the people in men’s dreams are often other men, and the dreams often involve fighting.
AACBD ABCDA BBCBB
BDADC CABDC BADCC